Postal Stamp Image : POTATO PLANT 1156 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 01/04/1985
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.50
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1156
Postal Stamp Name : POTATO PLANT
Stamp Information : POTATO RESEARCH The potato is a native of the Andean tropical highlands of South America, from where it was taken to Europe in the sixteenth century by the Spanish conquistadors. Within the next 50 years it appears to have been brought to India by the Portuguese, or perhaps the Spanish. In an account of the travels through India during (1615-1617) Edward Terry Chaplin to Sir Thomas Roe, Ambassador of the East India Company to the Mughal Court, states that he found potato grown "everywhere............ in the northern most parts of the Empire". The root and tuber crops which include the potato, yams, arums, sweet potato and cassava constitute one of the most important foods of man alongwith rice, wheat, maize and millets. These plants can grow in a wide variety of conditions including marginal soils and produce the highest rates of dry matter, for each day that they grow in the field. They are rich in energy giving carbohydrates and also in several essential minerals and vitamins. They are also used widely, particularly in Europe and North America, as an animal feed and in industry for making alcohol, sugars etc. During 1983-84, potato was grown in India in 806,000 ha and the production amounted to 12.25 million tonnes. The per hectare production came to 15.2 tonnes and the per caput production to about 15 kg per year. In 1950-51 the respective figures were, area : 2,40,000 ha ; production 1.66 million tonnes; yield: 6.9 tonnes/ha; and the per caput production: 4.6 kg per year. Thus in the last 34 years potato has registered 3.4 fold increase in the area, 7.4 fold increase in production, 2.2 fold increase in the yield, and 3.3 fold increase in the per caput production. This indeed is a oat remarkable achievement. Today, potato is grown in almost all major States of India. Two thirds of the area under cultivation lies in the Indo-Gangatic planes covering mainly Uttar Pradesh, Bengal and Bihar. These achievements have become possible due to the sustained accomplishments of potato research in the country. Organised potato research began in India on 1 April, 1935 with the opening of three breeding and seed production stations at Simla, Kufri (both Simla hills) and Bhowali (Kumaon hills), under the Indian (then imperial) Agriculture Research Institute, New Delhi. Realising the potential of potato in this country, the Government of India established the Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI) in 1949, with Patna as its headquarters. In 1956, the headquarters were shifted to Simla. At present, potato research and development in the country is carried out by the CPRI and its 12 Research Stations located in different parts of India and The All India Coordinated Potato Improvement Project (AICPIP), begun by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 1972. The AICPIP has 16 Coordinating Centers located in the State Agricultural Universities. The most important achievements of potato research in India are: (i) evolutions and release of 23 improved cultivators. The most popular among them are Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Jyoti, Kufri Sindhuri, and ore recently, Kufri Bahar, Kufri Badshah and Kufri Lalima; (ii) development of scientific seed production programme in the country. At present, it distributes over 2000 tonnes of breeders seed of various improved cultivators annually; (iii) development of method to produce healthy seed in the plains; (iv) survey and identification of important diseases and pests infecting potato and developing suitable control measures for them; and (v) development of package of practices for producing seed and table potatoes in different zones of the country. The Department of Posts is pleased to honour this magnificent achievement of Indian Agriculture by issuing a commemorative stamp on 1 April 1985, the date heralding 50 years of Potato Research in India.
Philatelic Stamp Description : Description of Designs The design for the stamp has been prepared by the Art Unit of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. The First Day Cover shows tubers of Kufri Jyoti, a popular cultivator. The cancellation has been designed by Nenu Bagga.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 4.06 x 2.7
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.71 x 2.3 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 40
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked P.G. Matt coated paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 15,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Brown
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