Postal Stamp Image : TEINOPALPUS IMPERIAILS 1022 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 20/10/1981
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 2.00
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1022
Stamp Information : Butterflies and moths belong to the order Lepidoptera (derived from the Greek words Lepis meaning wing) under the class of the animal kingdom. The first vague traces of these insects occur in the Cretaceous period (about 135 million years ago), and they appeared as a well developed order in the Tertiary era (about 65 million years ago). The Lepidoptera comprise about 220 thousand species of which nearly 45 thousand are butterflies. There is no region on earth that can offer a richer variety of butterflies than the tropics. The tropical forests, profusely adorned with elegant grasses, varieties of beatiful flowers amidst the verdant foliage are the haven of some of the most resplendent and exquisitely fascinating butterflies. Few others insects can boast of wings as large or as beautiful as those of some of the butterflies as those of some of the butterflies?their soul and their very existence seem to be in their wings. According to the American naturalist, Donald Culross Peatties, ?Man with all his looms and dyes cannot create anything half so exquisite as a butterfly?s wing?. At the same time butterflies are among the weakest creatures on earth and can exert little force against their enemies. Nature therefore has provided them with an ample measure of wiles which they use for survival. ?Protective resemblance? and ?mimicry? are two such specialisations resorted to by butterflies and months for self preservation. The most dramatic example of protective resemblance is seen in the beautiful kallima butterfly which at rest looks like a decayed leaf clining to the stem. The Viceroy butterfly mimics the inedible Monarch to escape from predators. The sublime beauty of these winged wanders with their endless variety of hues and patterns has provided the theme for poetry and lore of bothe East and West. Their grace and beauty have inspired bards and artists of all ages to capture their essence in poetry and art. It is unfortunate, however, that many species of butterflies are in danger of extinction due to the ruthless devastation of their habitat by man. It is with a sense of stamps on four of the several species of butterflies endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. 1)Stichophthalma camadeva, 2) Cethosia biblis, 3) Cyrestis achates, and 4) Teinopalpus imperialis. ? Teinopalpus imperialis : Popular as Kaiser-e-Hind, this butterfly is a renowned member of the Swallowtail group so called because the protuberances on the hindwings remind us of the forked tail of a swallow. A swift flier, the double-brooded ?Kaiser-e-Hind? can be seen from April to May again from August to September in Sikkim, Assam and the adjoining areas at altitudes of 1,980 to 3,050 metres. It prefers open mountains surrounded by thick forests, and often keeps to tree-tops, through on a fine sunny day it may come down in the early and mid-morning. The females, with a wing-span of 11-12 cms., are slightly larger than the males and have three wing-tails instead of one. The food-plants are Daphne species, including the Nepal paper-plant. The first Day Cover depicts Papillio buddha, or the Malabar Banded Peacock, a member of the Swallowtail group. Unlike the closely related indian species Papilio blumei, ?ranked among the most delightful butterflies of the world?, the Buddha renounced showmanship and is much admired by butterfly-lovers. It flies quickly and high, and can be seen through out the year, except in June and July, in the hill regions of southern India. The green caterpillars feed on Xanthoxylum rhetsa. (Consultant for text : S. N. Tata)
Philatelic Stamp Description : The design of the stamp is based on paintings by M. Mandal and depict Teinopalpus imperialis (200p) butterfly. First day cover designed by M. Mandal shows Papilio buddha. Cancellation was designed by Charanjit Lal.
Stamp Currency : R
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.55 X 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive Gravure coated stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 20,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Multicolour
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