Postal Stamp Image : POLICE PATROL 1055 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 21/10/1982
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.50
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1055
Postal Stamp Name : POLICE PATROL
Stamp Information : The concept of organised Police activity in India is of recent origin although we do find some references to an incipient police technology operating in ancient India. The term ?Police? is now used to denote a body of people organised to maintain civil order and to investigate breaches of the law. The police function is universal in society of morden times that full time officials are appointed with special police responsibility, regulated by law. In ancient India amongst the first descriptions of a police activity, we find a reference in the epic Ramayana. Hanuman was sent by Lord Rama to the city of Lanka for reconnaissance. On returning from Lanka, (Sundara Kanda IV : 16) Hanuman described to Lord Rama, among other things, the opulence of the city and referred to a system of patrolling of the streets of Lanka by persons carrying sticks ?Dandayu-dhadharas?. These persons undertook the duties of keeping the street clear of unwanted traffic. When the mughals came to India to rule, they organised the ?Kotwal? system. Earlier the ancient text of Kautilya?s ?Arthasastra? advised the king to develop instrument of administration. This was also a kind of police activity. The system of policing as we know in today was first brought into force in India by the East India Company after the uperising of 1857 when it was realised that the territories governed by the East India Company and thereafter by the Governmetn in England, required an efficient system of jurisprudence and a machinery to enforce the law. In 1860 the House of Commans in England passed the Indian Police Act, 1861 and at the same time enacted the Indian Penal Code. The Indian Police system was establised on the basis of the acts promulgated in India in the 1860?s as mentioned above. The police today are the primary civil agency in the welfare state to serve the people in protecting their life and property. Various state agencies have been set up to achieve these social objectives. The policeman guards the international borders as an aid to the Defence Forces, patrols the seas and the revers, and in the performance of its duties resort to such exotic devices as sending messages by using pigeons as couriers in the jungles of Orissa. Every year a lasge number of policemen lay down their lives in the course of their duties. Since 1947 more than 27,000 policemen have already made the supreme sacrifice to ensure social peace and stability. Every year on the 21st of October, the Nation?s Police Force remembers its martyrs, who laid down their lives to secure the society from the depredation of criminals. It was on the 21st October, 1960 that a police party patrolling the Himalayan heights in Ladakh was ambushed by a Chinese Military group in which 26 policemen were killed. The police party was controlling territories well within the international border. This day is remembered as the Commemoration Day when police parades are organised in all the states, and homage is paid to those who laid down their lives while performing duty. Indian Posts & Telegraphs Department is happy to issue a stamp on the occasion of Police Commemoration Day. (Text : Gautam Kaul, Bureau of Police Research and Development).
Philatelic Stamp Description : The stamp depicts the fundamental police activity, namely, patrolling the civilian areas night and day, in cities and villages, so that crimes may not occur, and the lurking criminal is caught. It is based on a design by Brahm Prakash. The first day cover which has been designed by S. Kitson, is based on the Shanti Parva of the Mahabharata on ideal criminal administration. The cancellation, designed by Gautam Kaul, shows the integration of the police which is their motto.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.55 X 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Horizontal
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked P.G. Matt coated paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 20,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Olive Green
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