Postal Stamp Image : DADASAHEB PHALKE (CENEMATOGRAPHER) 0639 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 30/04/1971
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.20
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 0639
Stamp Information : Dadasaheb Phalake has been described as 'Chitrapat Maharshi'- the great sage of cinema. It is not known who conferred him this heroific term. However, it seems to be most appropriate epithet to describe the great pioneer in film industry. Born at Trymbak, 29 kilometers from Nasik on April 30, 1870 and son of Dajishastri Phalke, some time Professor of Sanskrit in the Wilson College, Bombay, Phalke had inherited the best of habits and culture of a typical Hindu joint family of those days. Though tradition, Phalke was already well-versed in the great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata in his childhood and also had studied Vedas, Upanishadas, Shastras and Puranas, which was the way of life in his family. It was this knowledge and learning - particularly in Puranas - which came handy at the time of his early mythological film productions. Phalke had his early education at Trymbak amd then at Bombay. After completing his school education, Phalke joined the J. J. School of Arts, Bombay in 1885. Due to certain family circumstances, Phalke had to move to Baroda with his elder brother to continue his art studies at the famous Kalabhavan, Baroda. Professor Gajar, the then Principal of Kalabhavan had a knack of spotting takent in his students. Accordingly, it is not surprising that Prof. Gajjar soon spotted Phalke. Prof. Gajjar gave complete charge od Kalabhavan's photographic studio to Phalake. Phalake utilised the up-to-date library of Kalabhavan to the fullest extent. Through force of circumstances, Phalke had to make a living as a portrait photographer and also as a scene-painter for drama companies for some years. In 1903, he accepted a job in Government of India's Archaeological Department as a draughtsman and photographer. Moreover, Phalke was interested in starting his half-tone block making industry. n fact, he had recieved a Silver Medal in a Bombay exhibition for a half-tone block made out of Ravi Varma paintings. It was when Phalke opened his own business, 'Phalke Engraving and Painting Works', that he really came into his own element for the first time. He had recived praise and appreciation for his half-tone engraving can Printer and British Printer. In 1909, he went to Germanu to get up-to-date machinery for three-colour rpcess for his fast expanding works. The viewing of films every day for analytical study, conducting experiments in filmmaking with imported miniature camera for his eye-sight. However, he had keen desire for establishing a new swadeshi film industry. Phalke's constant consideration of cinema as an art form be compared with his European counterpart, the French pioneer, Georges Melies. Thouch Melies was not Phalke's contemparory, both have played the role of 'Initiator of filmic art'. Moreover, their writings on this subjects also do not show much gap of time. Phalke's understanding of medium and it's potentialities made it possible for him to handle the same freely for different purposes. Moreover, Phalke has a through knowledge as cameraman, art director and script writer of his films. He himself edited and processed them with the help of his wife. As regards script writing too, Phalke meticulously distinguished it from any literary form wherein language played important role. It is creditable that no aspect of film culture has escaped Phalke's notice including film teaching. He cosidered the foundation of a film school necessary. In 1917, he mentioned in his writting that institutions imparting training in screenplay writting and action is absolutely necessary for the promotion of film industry. Phalke's role as 'Initiator of the Cinemetographic Art' stands unrivalled in the history of Indian cinema and combining in one personality the roles of the first film Director and the father of the film industry. The Posts and Telegraphs Department is proud to celebrate the memory of this great sage of cinema by issuing a special commemorative stamp in his honour.
Philatelic Stamp Description : DESCRIPTION OF DESIGN The design of the stamp is horizontal and depicts a portrait of Dadasaheb Phalke on the background of a filmstrip. A line drawing of cine camera is also shown.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.9
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.56 x 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Diagonal
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 30,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Plum
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