Postal Stamp Image : UDAN KHATOLA INDIA 1104 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 21/11/1983
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 1.00
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1104
Postal Stamp Name : UDAN KHATOLA INDIA
Stamp Information : BI-CENTENNIAL OF MAN'S FIRST FLIGHT Balloons were used in ma's first successful attempts of flying. In 1783, Joseph and Jacques Etienne, Montgolfier brothers, French paper manufacturers at Annonay, France, discovered that a fabric bag filled with hot air would rise. On June 5 of that year, they launched the first balloon flight in history, unmanned. The craft carried about a mile and a half away. At Versailles, they repeated the experiment, with a larger balloon on Sept. 19, 1783, sending a sheep, a rooster and a duck aloft as the first air passengers. On Nov 21, the first manned flight took place when Jean-Francois Laurent, marquis d' Arlandes, sailed over Paris, covering 5,1/2 miles in about 23 minutes. Balloons have proved enormously valuable in meteorology and other sciences. Balloons have played and important role during the wartime for taking a view of the enemy's Army, works etc. to that of sending signals. Balloons were also used for the first time in history to transport mail by air in as early as 1808, in Denmark. Firat balloon flight has led to the flights to the moon and the stars. Ballooning in India dates back to as early as 1877, when Mr. Joseph Lynn made several flights in a gas balloon in Bombay and later in 1889 when Mr. Percivial Spencer made an ascent in his balloon 'Empress of India' from the Race Course in Calcutta. But hot air ballooning in India developed and continued only after the efforts of Shri Vishwa Bandhu Gupta when the 'Ballooning Club of India' was founded on 23rd November 1970, by the American Astronaut Neil Armstrong. The Indian Balloon team led by Shri Gupta, participated in the world hot air balloon championships, at Nantes, France, for the first time in 1983. (Text by courtesy : Ballooning Club of India.) Indian Posts and Telegraphs Department is happy to issue a set of two stamps on this occasion.
Philatelic Stamp Description : Description of Designs The (100 P.) stamp shows the first Indian built hot-air balloon 'Udan Khatola' flying over Taj Mahal (Agra). The other stamp (200 P.) depicts the first Montgolfier Balloon lifting from the platform at Annonay in Paris. Both the stamps have been designed by Satish Gupta. First day cover designed by Pulak Gupta depicts the three hot air balloons presently with the Ballooning Club of India. Cancellation has been designed by Alka Sharma.
Stamp Currency : R
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.9
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.55 X 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 15,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Multicolour
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