Postal Stamp Image : SHEIKH MOHD. ABDULLAH 1296 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 05/12/1988
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.60
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1296
Stamp Information : Shaikh Mohammad Abdullah Shaikh Mohammad Abdullah was born on 5th December, 1905 in Soura Srinagar, Kashmir. Graduating from Lahore, he obtained the Master's Degree in Chemistry from Aligarh Muslim University in 1930. In 1931 he began his political career, organising Kashmiri masses under the banner of Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference. He converted it into the National Conference in 1939 giving it a broad base and bringing more communities into its fold. He formulated a socio-political and economic programme for the state called "Naya Kashmir" which was adopted by the National Conference. He sought to emancipate people of the princely states. On the eve of partition he launched the "Quit Kashmir" movement demanding the repudiation of the Treaty of Amritsar between the British and Raja Gulab Singh. On the principle of "Sovernity vests with the people", he denounced the prince's 'divine right' to rule. He was tried sor sedition and sentenced to nine years' aggregate imprisonment and fined Rs. 1500/-, despite the strong defence by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Asif Ali, Bhagwan Sahay, Diwan Chaman Lal, Pandit Jai Lal Kilam and others. When the Maharaja's administration collapsed, under the stress of tribal raids in 1947, he was appointed the Head of Administration. He organised the people to resist the raiders till the arival of the Indian Army. In those critical days of kashmir's history, when the whole sub-continent was torn by communal strife, Kashmir stayed aoof from communal disharmony. In March, 1948, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah became the first popular Prime Minister of the State. He was also a Member of the Indian Constituent Assembly, a signatory to the Indian Constitution and in 1948-49, a member of the Indian delegation to the United Nations. During the long period over which he rendered service to the State, he contributed much to its stability and development. His achievements included termination of the Jagirdari system, abolition of large landed estates, fixation of land ceiling, liquidation of debt and transfer of land to landless peasants. During his tenure, the hereditary rule of the royal family was replaced by the system of electing the head of the government. He also recognised the education system. He introduced the concept of decentralisation of power by constituting the District Development Boards, where the Cabinet takes on the spot decisions. After the 1975 Indira-Abdullah Acord he laid a new foundation for overall development of State. This land-mark ushered in an era of much needed peace and political stability in the State. his eventful life came to an end on 8th September, 1982.
Philatelic Stamp Description : The stamp is designed by India Security Press, Nashik Road, the first day cover by Sankha Samantha and the cancellation by Alka Sharma.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 4.06 X 2.73 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.71 x 2.3 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 40
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive Gravure coated stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 10,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Multicolour
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