Postal Stamp Image : M.N. ROY 1232 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 13/02/1987
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.60
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1232
Postal Stamp Name : M.N. ROY
Stamp Information : M.N. ROY Born on March 21, 1997, the internationaly well-known philosopher- revolutioanry Manabendranath Roy joined the revolutionary underground movement for national liberation at the age of 18. From that ime till his death on January 25, 1954, his entire life was devoted to the persuit of feedom, truth and justice. His persisitent efforts, rsulted in an attempted insurrection in 1915 which was crushed by the British. During the next two years. he moved in search of armed assistance for Indian revolution in Indonesia, the Phillipines, Japan, Korea, the USA and Mexico. In Mexico he absorbed the teachings of Karl Marx and founded the Communist Party of Mexico in 1919, and realized that India's struggle for freedom was part of the global struggle of the oppressed and the exploited. On Lenin's personal invitation, he went to Moscow. His supplementary Theses on the National and Colonial Question were unanimously adopted by the Second Congress of the Communist International (1920) togather with Lenin Thesis. He founded the Empire Communaist Party of India in Taskent. His book on India in Transition (1922) established him as a major revolutioanry theorist. He was elected to the Presidium, Executive, and Secretariate of the Communist International and became one of its topmost leaders. He disagreed with te extrimely sectarian ine adopted by the Communist International at its sixth Congress and broke with C.I. He returned to India in 1931, was arrested and sectioned to 12 years of rigorous imprisonment, which was reduced in apeal to 6 years. He devoted his jail years to a careful study of philosophy, and wrote extensively. After his release in 1936 he joined the Inidan National Congress. He announced a programme of agrarian revolution for India and undertook a campaign alongwith his assoiates for the radicalisation of the Indian nationalist movement. For India's puposeful participation in the anti-fascist war, he launched the political party, 'The Radical Democratic Party', when the war turned in favour of the Allied Powers, he prepared a Draft Constitution of free India (1944) in which a picture of a democracy was presented. He also prepared a People's Plan of economic development, (1943) in which primacy was given to employment generation through improvement in agriculture and development of small scale industry. In 1946 he clarified his differences with orthodox Marxism and formulated the basic tenents of Radical Humanism in Twenty-Two Theses. In the same year he founded the Indian Renaissance Institute. Hedeveloped a theory of partyless democracy wherein power would be vested in People's Committees instead of in a plitical party. The RDP was dissolved and in its place, the Radical Humanist Movement was started. He visualised a new way of revolution of the conventional concept of revolution from above by the capture of State power. All his life Roy fought for human freedom and justice in various countries besides India- Indonesia, Mexico, China, Russia and Europe. A true cosmopolitan, he mastered and wrote in several languages - Spanish, German, French, Russian and of course English. His more than hundred titles included India in Transition, Revolution, New Humanism, People Parties Power and reason Romanticism Revolution. His selected works edited by Sibnarayan Ray in Six Volumes are being published by Oxford University Press. The Deptt. of Posts is previleged to issue a commemorative stamp on M.N. Roy in the series 'Freedom Struggle of India'.
Philatelic Stamp Description : The 60 P multicolour stamp has been designed by India Security Press, Nashik Raod. The cancellation has been designed by Miss Nenu Bagga. The first day cover has been designed b y Shri Kashi Nath Raha.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 4.06 x 2.73 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.71 x 2.3 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 40
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Vertical
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked P.G. Matt coated paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 10,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Multicolour
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