Postal Stamp Image : CROWD AND 100 0636 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 10/03/1971
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.20
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 0636
Postal Stamp Name : CROWD AND 100
Stamp Information : The first comprehensive population census of the country was completed in 1871-72, and thereafter a regular chin of decenial enumeration was established. And now, 1971 marks the completion of hundred years of regular decennial census taking in Indiaand the census enumeration commences on the 10th March, 1971. India accounts for more than one-seventh of the population of the world and its census is, therfore, of particular significance. The India population census is one of the largest administrative operations in the world, in which more than a million honorary workers are trained and engaged on census enumerarion duties. It is an operation in which the Central and the State Governments, local bodies and the people function in closest co-operation on voluntary basis, symbolising the identity of interest of all concerned in the success of this national venture. Notwithstanding the vastness of the country. the mmense size of its population, the inacesibility of several areas and major political changes and even in the face of world wars, India has always taken the netional stock-taking through the census in the first year of every decade since 1871 and built a rich tradition which has won the Indian Census source of information about the country. In India, the collection of population statisticks as a measure of State policy was recognised as early as the third century B.C. as one finds its mention in Kautilya's 'Arthasastra.' The word 'census' is of Roman origin derived from the 'censors' or the magistrates in ancient Rome who prepared a register of population for the purpose of taxation and conscription to the military services. The objectives of ancient censuses being unpopular with the people, censuses were almost given up in the medieval period. But, as the need for modern welfare States for such purposes as demarcation of electoral areas, scientific and developmental planning and administartion and educational, health and other social welfare programmes, the censuses in modern sense of the term were started to be taken from about the seventeenth/eighteenth centuries. In India, the East India Company made estmates of population of some of its local posessions in the middle of the 17th century. The frst Indian Census, thoughtermed as the 1871 Censuses, was a compilation of enumeration spread over till 1872, an may, therefore, be called non-synchronous. It however, had a uniform schedule and did encompass the basic demographic, social and economical characteristics and thus laid the foundation of decennial censuses in the country. Since the dawn of independence and the commemncement of the palnning era, the census operations in India were geared to the production of much needed data. Efforts have been made ti introduce more and more sophisticated techniques of collectio and sophisticated techniques of collection and processing of data to meet the growing demand for a veriety of population statistics, Census is not a mere counting of heads, but involves the collection of several demographics, social, cultural and economic characteistics of evry individual which are all comiled and presented in the form of meaningful tables for the consumption of data-useres. It has also been collecting data of housing and establishments. The Indian Census has the tradition of producing analytical reports and organising other ancillary studies to enrich the census statistics. Th year 1961, saw the introduction of conventional machines to process census data, though practically. It is a matter of satisfaction that the 1971 Census figures are being tribulated through electronic computers to produce major portion of the Census accurately and in time. The Posts and Telegraphs Department is happy to associate itself with the centenary of the regular decennial census in India by issuing a special postage stamp to commemorate the 1971 census. This stamp is dedicated to the vast army of enumerators who are responsible for the census and to the people of India without whos co-operation in this national undertaking, the task of enumeration will not be possible.
Philatelic Stamp Description : DESCRIPTION OF DESIGN The design of the stamp is horizontal and depicts a cross section of the people of India within the figure one hundred representing the census century.
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 x 2.9
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.56 x 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Diagonal
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked adhesive stamp paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 30,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Maltese Blue and dark Brown
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