Postal Stamp Image : GUGLICLMO MARCONI 0753 Indian Post
Stamp Issue Date : 12/12/1974
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 2.00
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 0753
Stamp Information : Guglielmo Marconi was born in the Italian town of Bologna on April 25, 1874. He had his early schooling in Bologna and Florence. Latr he went to he technical school of Leghorn, where he studied Physics under Vencenzo Rosa and had the opportunity of investigation electro-magnetic (or Hertzian) waves, following the earlier mathematical work of Maxwell and the experimental work of Hertz, Lodge and others. After conceiving the idea of using electro-magnetic waves for telegraphy, he caried out various experiments and finally in 1895 succeeded in transmiting signals over a distance of few meters. Later, he was able to transmit Morse signals over distances of more than three kilo-meters. The following year he went to England to file his first patent in Wireless Telegraphy. A letter of introduction to William Preece, Engineer-in-Chief of the General Post Office, led to a series of demonstration culminating in 1897 in a record transmission accross 14 Kms of the Bristol Channel. By the end of the century wireless communication had been adopted by the British and Italian Navies. Its value as a life saver was also quickly recognised by the merchant navy. Thanks to wireless, a number of lives saved during the "Titanic" disaster in 1912. The year 1901 was a landmark in Marconi's life. Apart from te establishment of a wireless school (today's Marconi College) and communicating over a distance of 319 Kms between Isle of Wight and Lizard, he succeeded in his famous trans-Atlantic experiments conducted with the assistance of such noted persons as Dr. Fleming (inventor of the radio valve), George Kemp, P.W. Paget and others. He was able to receive signals sent from Poldhu Cornwall, across the Atlantic Ocean at St. John's New Foundland. Wireless soon became popular and was adapted to aeroplanes during the First World War. A further stride in wireless communications was made in 1919, when a Marconiengineer made the first east to west transatlantic telephony transmission, and the concept of broadcasting took shape at Marconi's Works in Chelmsford. In 192, the British Broadcasting Company (which later became the British Broadcastin Corporation) was formed by Marconi's Works and five other manufacturers. In 1924, the British Government awarded a contract to Marconi for the formation of a wireless telecommunication network connecting countries in the British Empire, using shortwave directional transmission develped by him. In 1929, Marconi returned to Italy because of ill-health, but cotinued his work, as a result of which he installed the first microwave telephone link in 1932 and also demonstrated the principles of Radar in 1935. The Marconi EMI Ltd., in England had, in the meantime, introduced the world's first high definition television service. The Noble Prize for Physics awarded to MArconi in 1909 was one of the many honours he received during his life time. After the First World War during which he served in the Italian Army, he did intensive diplomatic work as a plenipotentiary delegate to the Paris Peace Conference. The great pioneer and inventor died in Rome on July 20, 1937. A fitting tribute was paid to him when wireless transmision all over the world was stopped for two minutes. The Indian Posts and telegraphs Department deem it a great privilege to bring out a commemorative stamp in honour of this great Italian scientist whose epoch-making invention has revolutionaised the world of communications.
Philatelic Stamp Description : The design of the stamp is vertical and depicts he portrait of MArconi. Note: This stamp originally programmed for issue earlier in the Centenary series in the denomination of Rs. 2/- has ben brought out now separately.
Stamp Currency : R
Stamp Language : English
Stamp Overall Size : 3.91 X 2.90 cms
Postal Stamp Print Size : 3.56 x 2.5 cms.
Number of Stamps Per Sheet : 35
Stamp Perforations : 13 x 13
Postal Stamp Shape : Diagonal
Postage Stamp Paper : Unwatermarked paper
Indian Stamp Process : Photogravure
Number of stamps printed : 20,00,000
Stamp Printed At : India Security Press
Indian Stamp's Color : Grey
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